Adviser on European Energy Policy at the Jacques Delors Institute, Honorary Director of the European Commission - Directorate General for Energy

I would like you to take five ‘Ds’ with you. It is an old part of energy security and it is linked with the Energy Union and our future. 

The first D is Diversification in the field of energy; that includes diversification of sources of energy, diversification of rules of energy and diversification of counterparts. Diversification is a key word for energy security.

The second D stands for Domestic resources, which is also essential. The third element which is new and extremely important and I think it is the result of the EU market creation, is the Democratization of energy... And this is also linked with the fourth D, which is Digitization.

The fifth D I wish you to take away is Diplomacy.