Adviser on European Energy Policy at the Jacques Delors Institute, Honorary Director of the European Commission - Directorate General for Energy

I would like you to take fi ve ‘Ds’ with you. It is an old part of energy security and it is linked with the Energy Union and our future.

The fi rst D is Diversifi cation in the fi eld of energy; that includes diversifi cation of sources of energy, diversifi cation of rules of energy and diversifi cation of counterparts. Diversifi cation is a key word for energy security.
The second D stands for Domestic resources, which is also essential. The third element which is new and extremely important and I think it is the result of the EU market creation, is the Democratization of energy... And this is also linked with the fourth D, which is Digitization.
The fi fth D I wish you to take away is Diplomacy.